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Crime In El Salvador



An integral a part of the Salvadoran Army’s counterinsurgency technique entailed “draining the ocean” or “drying up the ocean,” that is, eliminating the insurgency by eradicating its support base within the countryside. The primary target was the civilian inhabitants – displacing or killing them to be able to remove any potential base of help for the rebels. The concept of “draining the ocean” had its foundation in a doctrine by Mao Zedong which emphasized that “The guerrilla must move amongst the individuals as a fish swims within the sea.”

El Salvador Frees Three Women Convicted For Suspected Abortions

MS-thirteen organized the massacre as a protest towards the Honduran authorities for proposing a restoration of the death penalty in Honduras. As passengers screamed and ducked, another gunman climbed aboard and methodically executed passengers.

By 2006, 90 % of the phone lines in Mexico were operated by Telmex, and his mobile phone company, Telcel, which was created out of the Radiomóvil Dipsa company, operated nearly eighty p.c of all the nation’s cellphones. By 2012, América Movil, Slim’s cell telephone company, had taken over Telmex and made it into a privately held subsidiary.

Where Could You Satisfy El Salvador Brides?

In the Nineteen Eighties, the Salvadoran civil warfare pressured a Salvadoran migration to different countries, primarily the United States. Therefore, pupusas grew to become available exterior the country wherever a Salvadoran neighborhood was found. In current years, pupusas may even be present in some Latin American eating places in Adelaide, Melbourne and Sydney in Australia. In assessing peacefulness, the GPI investigates the extent to which nations are involved in ongoing domestic and worldwide conflicts and seeks to judge the level of concord or discord within a nation.

Ten indicators broadly assess what could be described as security and safety in society. President Franklin D. Roosevelt promoted a “good neighbor” policy that sought higher relations with Mexico.

Women Victims Of Violence

By 1984 Reagan would spend almost $1 billion on economic aid for the Salvadoran authorities. Historian M. A. Serpas posits the displacement and dispossession charges as a major factor. On July 14, 1969, an armed battle erupted between El Salvador and Honduras over immigration disputes brought on by Honduran land reform laws. The battle lasted solely 4 days however had main long-time period effects for Salvadoran society. Trade was disrupted between El Salvador and Honduras, causing super financial injury to each nations.

El Salvador has traditionally been characterised by marked socioeconomic inequality. In the late 19th century coffee turned a major cash crop for El Salvador, bringing in about ninety five% of the country’s earnings. However, this income was restricted to solely 2% of the inhabitants, exacerbating a divide between a small but highly effective land proudly owning elite and an impoverished majority.

The Atlacatl soldiers accused the adults of collaborating with the guerrillas. The field commander said they were under orders to kill everyone, including the kids, who he asserted would simply grow up to become guerrillas if they allow them to reside. In its effort to defeat the insurgency, the Salvadoran Armed Forces carried out a “scorched earth” technique, adopting techniques similar to these being employed by the counterinsurgency in neighboring Guatemala. These ways have been primarily derived and tailored from U.S. strategy during the Vietnam War and taught by American military advisors.

The Salvadoran Civil War was a civil warfare in El Salvador fought between the army-led junta authorities of El Salvador and the Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front (a coalition or “umbrella group” of left-wing groups) from 15 October 1979 to sixteen January 1992. A coup on October 15, 1979, was adopted by killings of anti-coup protesters by the federal government and of anti-dysfunction protesters by the guerrillas, and is broadly seen as the start of civil war. Later in 1990, Slim acted in concert with France Télécom and Southwestern Bell Corporation so as to purchase the landline phone company Telmex from the Mexican authorities, when Mexico began privatizing its nationwide industries. Slim was one of many initial investors of Telmex, the revenues of the company eventually fashioned the bulk of Slim’s wealth.

An estimated 300,000 Salvadorans were displaced because of battle, lots of whom had been exiled from Honduras; in many cases, the Salvadoran government couldn’t meet their wants. The Football War additionally strengthened the facility of the army in El Salvador, resulting in heightened corruption. In the years following the struggle, the government expanded its purchases of arms from sources similar to Israel, Brazil, West Germany and the United States.

Under strain from the army, all three civilian members of the junta resigned on January 3, 1980, together with 10 of the eleven cabinet ministers. On January 22, 1980, the Salvadoran National Guard attacked a massive peaceful demonstration, killing up to 50 people and wounding lots of more.

This divide grew through the 1920s and was compounded by a drop in espresso prices following the stock-market crash of 1929. In 1932 the Central American Socialist Party was formed and led an rebellion of peasants and indigenous individuals against the federal government. The rebellion was brutally suppressed within the 1932 Salvadoran peasant bloodbath. La Matanza, ‘the slaughter’ in Spanish, as it got here to be identified, allowed a army-led authorities to maintain energy and strengthened the animosity of many Salvadorans towards the federal government, navy, and landed elite. The Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front , a leftist group that shaped within the 1970s, took its name from one of many insurrection’s communist leaders.

On February 6 US ambassador Frank Devine knowledgeable the State Department that the acute right was arming itself and preparing for a confrontation in which it clearly anticipated to ally itself with the military. With tensions mounting and the country on the verge of an revolt, the civil-military Revolutionary Government Junta deposed President Gen. Carlos Humberto Romero in a coup on October 15, 1979. The U.S. feared that El Salvador, like Nicaragua and Cuba before it, may fall to communist revolution. Thus, Jimmy Carter’s administration supported the brand new navy authorities with vigor hoping to promote stability in the nation. While Carter offered some help to the government, the next administration significantly increased U.S. spending in El Salvador.

In February 2007, Juan Carlos Miranda Bueso and Darwin Alexis Ramírez had been found guilty of several crimes, together with murder and attempted murder. Ebert Anibal Rivera was arrested over the assault after fleeing to Texas. Juan Bautista Jimenez, accused of masterminding the bloodbath, was killed in prison; in accordance with the authorities, fellow MS-thirteen inmates hanged him. There was insufficient proof to convict Óscar Fernando Mendoza and Wilson Geovany Gómez. Robert Morales, a prosecutor for Guatemala, indicated in 2008 to The Globe and Mail that some Central American gang members were in search of refugee standing in Canada.

Football In El Salvador

In 1935, a federal decide dominated that three Mexican immigrants had been ineligible for citizenship as a result of they were not white, as required by federal law. Mexico protested, and Roosevelt determined to circumvent the decision and ensure the federal authorities handled Hispanics as white. The State Department, the Census Bureau, the Labor Department, and different government agencies therefore made certain to uniformly classify individuals Check Out This Information of Mexican descent as white. This coverage inspired the League of United Latin American Citizens in its quest to reduce discrimination by asserting their whiteness. On May thirteen, 2006, Ernesto “Smokey” Miranda, a former high-ranking soldier and one of the founders of Mara Salvatrucha, was murdered at his home in El Salvador a number of hours after declining to attend a celebration for a gang member who had simply been released from prison.

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Governor Kihika mourns Lawyer Kiplenge

Governor Kihika said Kiplenge will be remembered as a soft-spoken but sharp lawyer who diligently undertook his assignments.

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Juma Kiplenge

Nakuru Governor Susan Kihika has sent a message of condolence to the family, friends and relatives of advocate, Juma Kiplenge.

In her message, Governor Kihika said Kiplenge will be remembered as a soft-spoken but sharp lawyer who diligently undertook his assignments.

“His passing on has robbed Nakuru of a son who purposed to right wrongs and conscientiously represented his clients,” she stated in her message.

She added that the firebrand lawyer will especially be remembered for his role in advocating for the rights of the marginalized Ogiek community.

Juma passed away on Friday, October 7, 2022, while undergoing treatment at a hospital in Nairobi following a short illness.

The body has since been transferred to Umash Funeral Home in Nakuru awaiting burial on Friday, October 14.

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List of newly elected MCAs in Nakuru County

The following are the Nakuru County elected MCAs following the 9th August General elections. The United Democratic Alliance party (UDA) got the most number of seats at 39

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The new County Asssembly of Nakuru chambers

The following are the Nakuru County elected MCAs following the 9th August General elections. The United Democratic Alliance party (UDA) got the most number of seats at 39. The Jubilee party managed 6 seats, while the Safina party won 1 seat. Seven of the MCAs were elected as independent candidates. Out of the 55 elected MCAs, 8 are women.

Naivasha Constituency MCAs 2022

  1. Maiella – Gituku Jane Wanjiru (UDA)
  2. 2. Naivasha East – Stanley Karanja (UDA)
  3. 3. Maai Mahiu – Eliud Kamau Chege (UDA)
  4. 4. Biashara – Elijah Mwaura (UDA)
  5. 5. Viwandani – Mwangi Muraya (UDA)
  6. 6. Lakeview – Alex Mbugua (UDA)
  7. 7. Hellsgate – Virginia Gichanga (Jubilee)
  8. 8. Ol’Karia – Peter Wanjala Palang’a (ODM)

Gilgil Constituency MCAs 2022

  1. 9. Gilgil – Rose Njoroge (UDA)
  2. 10. Malewa – Francis Mungai Kuria (UDA)
  3. 11. Eburru Baruk – Michael Gathanwa (UDA)
  4. 12. Elementaita – George Nene (Safina)
  5. 13. Morendat – Peter Njoroge (UDA)

Subukia Constituency MCAs 2022

  1. 14. Subukia – Isabella Makori (UDA)
  2. 15. Waseges – Elijah Murage (Independent)
  3. 16. Kabazi – George Talam (UDA)

Bahati Constituency MCAs 2022

  1. 17. Bahati – Grace Mwathi (UDA)
  2. 18. Kabatini – Leah Ng’ang’a (Independent)
  3. 19. Kiamaina – Paul Waweru Warege (Ka Wambui) (UDA)
  4. 20. Dundori – James Gathuita Mwangi (UDA)
  5. 21. Lanet Umoja -Mwangi Ngarama (UDA)

Nakuru Town East Constituency MCAs 2022

  1. 22. Nakuru East – Anthony Kamau (UDA)
  2. 23. Menengai – Wilson Mwangi (Jubilee)
  3. 24. Flamingo – David Kihumba Muraya (Independent)
  4. 25. Biashara – Fadhili Msuri (UDA)
  5. 26. Kivumbini – Neto Sakwa Alukutsa (Independent)

Nakuru Town West Constituency MCAs 2022

  1. 27. Rhoda – John Macharia (UDA)
  2. 28. London – Benard Gattuso (Jubilee)
  3. 29. Barut – Ben Kirui (UDA)
  4. 30. Kapkures – Robert Ruto (UDA)
  5. 31. Kaptembwa – Peter Kanjwang’ (ODM)
  6. 32. Shabaab – Macharia Wathiai (UDA)

Rongai Constituency MCAs 2022

  1. 33.Solai – Nixon Morogo (Independent)
  2. 34. Soin – Ellibas Naburuki (Degualle) (UDA)
  3. 35. Mosop – Dr. Alex Lang’at (UDA)
  4. 36. Menengai West – Isaac Kiptisya Rottok (UDA)
  5. 37. Visoi – Hellen Chemutai (UDA)

Njoro Constituency MCAs 2022

  1. 38. Njoro – Hezy Ndung’u (Independent)
  2. 39. Nessuit – Samuel Tonui (UDA)
  3. 40. Mauche – Moses Koros (UDA)
  4. 41. Mau Narok – Cyrus Dida (UDA)
  5. 42. Kihingo – Simon Kamau Karanja (Jubilee)
  6. 43. Lare – Phillip Wanjohi (Jubilee)

Molo Constituency MCAs 2022

  1. 44. Molo – Joseph Ngware (UDA)
  2. 45. Marioshoni – Ben Lang’at (UDA)
  3. 46. Elburgon – David Njuguna (Independent)
  4. 47. Turi – John Mwangi Macharia (Jubilee)

Kuresoi South Constituency MCAs 2022

  1. 48. Keringet – William Mutai (UDA)
  2. 49. Tinet – Paul Lang’at Alvin (Drilit) (UDA)
  3. 51. Kiptangich – Rose Mutai (UDA)
  4. 52. Amalo – Robert Lang’at (UDA)

Kuresoi North Constituency UDA MCA nominees

  1. 53. Sirikwa – Emmanuel Lang’at (UDA)
  2. 54. Kamara – Joseph Kipng’etich (Chemutwet) (UDA)
  3. 55. Kiptororo – Alex Bor (Kipyek) (UDA)


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Nakuru to host World Bee Day celebrations

The Apimondia Regional Commission (ARC) President, Mr David Mukomana, in a statement, said the three-day program will include technical tours to see beekeeping within Nakuru County and any other areas, exhibitions, seminars and the actual celebrations.

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Bees on a honey comb

Nakuru City will this year host the Regional World Bee Day (WBD) celebrations from the 18th – to the 20th of May 2022.

The yearly event is commemorated to raise awareness about the importance of bees and other pollinators for humanity in food security, global hunger eradication, and environmental and biodiversity conservation.

Under the theme; “Bee engaged: Celebrating the contribution of bees to the environment, food security and income generation to mankind.”

The forum will share knowledge from across the world, and draw the attention of the public and decision-makers to the importance of protecting bees as well as halting the further loss of biodiversity and degradation of ecosystems following the Paris Agreement.

FAO estimates that bees contribute to the pollination of food worth between $ 235 and $ 580 billion every year and that their decline continues to strain food systems.

Intensive farming practices, excessive use of agrochemicals, habitat loss, and adverse effects of climate among other issues have been identified as key hindrances causing the depopulation of bees and loss of colonies.

With such challenges, there is a need to come up with solutions that are resistive to the increasing bee population globally.

According to FAO, Kenya ranks third in Africa after Tanzania which is the largest producer of honey and produces approximately 31,405 tonnes annually while Angola ranks second producing about 23,500 tonnes annually.

As of 2020, Kenya’s production of honey was at 17,801 tonnes, up from 13,877 tonnes the previous year, this is a change of 28.28%.

Speaking during a past apiculture stakeholders’ workshop, State Department for Livestock Production Principal Secretary, Mr Harry Kimtai, expressed concern that new pests and farm pesticides have hit colonies hard.

“We’re collaborating with devolved units to halt the alarming depletion of bee colonies. Bee colony multiplication initiatives include capacity building, beekeeping equipment distribution, and bee bulking,” revealed PS Kimtai.

Despite the potential of honey production and the benefits of apicultural activity, very little income accrues from the activity.

The government in its progress, in the Big Four Agenda on 100% food and nutrition security, is committed to enhancing honey production from 25,000 tonnes to 38,000 tonnes by the year 2022.

Beekeeping offers an alternative source of livelihood and protects biodiversity and should ideally be established away from human interaction with enough bee forage and all-year-round availability of water to provide favourable conditions for beekeeping.

Nakuru County Executive Committee Member for Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries, Dr Immaculate Maina, says that, ‘’bees have become increasingly endangered with one million species facing extinction. Thus, beekeeping should be embraced as an alternative environmentally friendly income-earning enterprise.”

‘’We hope that by hosting this event, we will be able to proactively assist in the opening up of our county by giving marketing opportunities and investment prospects in the apiculture industry,” Dr Maina noted.

“We also anticipate important topics discussed during the three-day forum, such as the role of women in the sector as those most affected by climate change, solutions to save our bee species from extinction, and how we can continue to rely on pollinators to save us from the current climate crisis,” she concluded.

Acting CEO of the Apiculture Platform of Kenya (APK), Mr Frederick Otieno Odera, says that beekeeping has significant potential in Africa to improve rural incomes and diversify livelihoods.

“We hope the commemoration of the National World Bee Day will showcase new technologies and sustainable measures from across the world in the apiculture industry and provide sustainable solutions to save our bees in the current climate crisis,” said Otieno.

The Apimondia Regional Commission (ARC) President, Mr David Mukomana, in a statement, said the three-day program will include technical tours to see beekeeping within Nakuru County and any other areas, exhibitions, seminars and the actual celebrations.

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