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In Kazakhstan, Women March For Their Rights

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Repeated behavioral and biological assessments shall be carried out at baseline, then at 6, 9, and 15 months publish randomization/session 1. Saduakassova stated that she believes the word feminism has a nasty or undesirable which means in former Soviet nations. “I’d wish to say that feminism isn’t about just fighting for women’s rights,” she stated. It is also about preventing major points such as baby marriage or kidnapping women and forcing them into marriage, she said. Smerdon believes that ladies may be extra likely to play chess in gender-unequal nations because chess video games are judged with out discrimination.

Sessions are conducted in Russian by skilled female facilitators and final for about 2 h. Participants obtain small monetary incentives (US$12/session) for sessions attended, in addition to small protected-intercourse kits of condoms and lubricant. Secondary aims of the research embrace an examination of how study outcomes are moderated by private and structural traits, including sociodemographics, substance use historical past, legal justice history, sexual historical past, and so on. Secondary aims additionally embrace an examination of how examine outcomes are mediated by a number of key, theory-driven variables, similar to financial literacy data and expertise, HIV knowledge, condom use self-efficacy, se end result expectancies, and so on.

However, we discovered no microfinance programs that either goal or incorporate drug users or intercourse employees. Microfinance lenders may think about these danger groups too unstable or unreliable for loans, and stigma towards kazakh bride these threat groups may lead to them being missed for different types of microfinance programming. The study employs a two-arm, cluster-randomized controlled trial (c-RCT) design.

Therefore, for probably the most half, the cultural lifetime of Kazakhstan was indistinguishable from that elsewhere in the Soviet Union. It featured the identical performs, films, music, books, paintings, museums, and other cultural features common in each different corner of the Soviet empire. The collapse of the Soviet system led to almost total collapse of public curiosity in most types of greater culture.

Kazakhstan’s cultural elite is struggling the same decline affecting the elites of all the former Soviet republics. Thus, cultural norms are decided predominantly by Kazakhstan’s growing entry to international mass culture. Touching is not acceptable in formal settings particularly between the members of the alternative sex and can be probably seen as unwarranted familiarity.

Geography Of Kazakhstan

Each session has targets setting and homework assignment that present the chance for the ladies to apply the skills that they have learned. Participants receive HIVRR in a four-session intervention delivered twice per week for two weeks.

Nongovernmental Organizations And Other Associations

Nongovernmental organizations, in addition to authorities officials, have noted an increase in home violence cases throughout the nation, Kim says. She cites Aida Balaeva, minister of knowledge and social growth, who famous that during the pandemic the variety of home violence instances elevated by percent. “Unfortunately, women’s rights aren’t properly protected in Kazakhstan,” she says, adding that the group wrote a letter to the president of Kazakhstan seeking improvements to women’s rights protections however to no avail.

In addition, a qualitative component will study women’s private reactions to each of the HIVRR+MF parts, components selling using the intervention, and barriers that will impede their participation and the fidelity of intervention implementation. Finally, a cost-effectiveness element is included to estimate the prices and cost-effectiveness of the HIVRR+MF intervention on averted cumulative STIs, HCV, and HIV over the 12-month period. While this research suggests the success of financial savings-led microfinance for HIV-danger discount amongst FSW, gaps stay within the proof base for microfinance for HIV-risk discount among women who use medication. The 4 research detailed above are the one ones which have targeted female intercourse employees, and only considered one of these three targeted FSW who used medication. Furthermore, previous studies have assessed a restricted range of outcomes, mostly self-reported sexual threat behaviors.

Role play actions provide the opportunity for girls to apply these skills and to identify and downside-solve barriers to applying them. Participants obtain primary coaching in emergency overdose response expertise. Participants talk about casual and formal support techniques obtainable of their neighborhood. Linkage to HIV care, drug remedy and other providers are supplied all through their enrollment within the examine.

Women’S Ranking Procedure

No research to date have used biological measures of HIV or different STIs in their assessments, and just one considered ART adherence as an outcome. The majority of microfinance research included a microcredit or mortgage component to assist small business development, or a vocational training component, however few have focused on asset-constructing. The Undarga research amongst street-based intercourse staff in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, is the primary to have addressed this, using a randomized controlled trial design to test the efficacy of a savings-led microfinance program in combination with HIVRR . The advantage of savings-led interventions over microcredit interventions is that they permit individuals to build up property sooner and pay for life events without accumulating debt and an over-reliance on microloans, for which interest rates could be onerous. This makes them much less likely to trigger further financial strains for populations like FSW, which already face significant monetary burdens.

Diana Tansary, a human rights defender in Kazakhstan, is the director of the sufferer assistance fund Don’t Keep Silent KZ and writer of the book “The Entrance.” As a toddler, she was abused, and as an adult, she has turned toward defending women’s rights. This is to be expected given the complexity of the topic and the problems associated with talking usually about a complete country and its folks. We would encourage you to share your experiences; your contributions will assist to make Country Insights a richer environment for learning. During the Russian and later the Soviet rule many Kazakh traditional values and customs seized to exist for the reason that nation was involved in creating a brand new Soviet person and a new Soviet tradition.

Structural approaches to HIV prevention are characterized by Gupta et al. as these which address the physical, social, economic, and policy environments which create vulnerability to HIV . This includes applications which seek to alleviate the financial inequalities faced by excessive-danger women . “Microfinance” has been identified as an important structural intervention for HIV prevention and improved access to testing, care, and remedy . In Kazakhstan, microfinance performed a crucial role in the establishment of personal enterprise after the autumn of the Soviet financial system . Microfinance programs often embrace a collaboration between a banking establishment and an NGO or United Nations agency, offering enterprise steering such as product development and marketing in combination with a microloan .

Rehabilitating The Islamic State’S Women And Children Returnees In Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan is a region where women are historically expected to play the archetypal position of stay-at-house moms, but they contribute a huge quantity to the nation’s GDP, says Anton Kim, head of promoting, ForteBank. It extends from the Caspian Sea within the west to the Altai Mountains at its japanese border with China and Russia. In March, a state of emergency was declared within the country and quarantine measures were launched.

The HIVRR intervention was tailored from the Women on the Road to Health intervention . The CDC recognized WORTH as a finest-apply, evidence-primarily based intervention and it has been carried out in a number of studies in the USA with women who use medicine . We have tailored the core components of WORTH to satisfy the cultural context and expertise of ladies who use medication and have interaction in sex work in Kazakhstan. It focuses on each sexual and drug use risk discount, and is designed to extend communication, downside-fixing abilities, and self-efficacy related to safe-sex behaviors and drug use. Participants discover how drug use impacts their sexual risk with both paying and intimate companions, and are skilled in communication abilities with both.

Trump Administration’S Women, Peace And Security Plans: Blueprint For Action Or Empty Promises?

Participants in Undarga had been randomized to obtain both a 4-session HIVRR intervention alone, or the same four-session HIVRR intervention and a savings-led microfinance program. The microfinance parts included financial literacy training, a enterprise improvement coaching with mentorship, and a matched savings program to assist women establish small companies. Given how these dangers are rooted in women’s low financial and financial standing, selling women’s economic empowerment could present structural protection from HIV.

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List of newly elected MCAs in Nakuru County

The following are the Nakuru County elected MCAs following the 9th August General elections. The United Democratic Alliance party (UDA) got the most number of seats at 39

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The new County Asssembly of Nakuru chambers

The following are the Nakuru County elected MCAs following the 9th August General elections. The United Democratic Alliance party (UDA) got the most number of seats at 39. The Jubilee party managed 6 seats, while the Safina party won 1 seat. Seven of the MCAs were elected as independent candidates. Out of the 55 elected MCAs, 8 are women.

Naivasha Constituency MCAs 2022

  1. Maiella – Gituku Jane Wanjiru (UDA)
  2. 2. Naivasha East – Stanley Karanja (UDA)
  3. 3. Maai Mahiu – Eliud Kamau Chege (UDA)
  4. 4. Biashara – Elijah Mwaura (UDA)
  5. 5. Viwandani – Mwangi Muraya (UDA)
  6. 6. Lakeview – Alex Mbugua (UDA)
  7. 7. Hellsgate – Virginia Gichanga (Jubilee)
  8. 8. Ol’Karia – Peter Wanjala Palang’a (ODM)

Gilgil Constituency MCAs 2022

  1. 9. Gilgil – Rose Njoroge (UDA)
  2. 10. Malewa – Francis Mungai Kuria (UDA)
  3. 11. Eburru Baruk – Michael Gathanwa (UDA)
  4. 12. Elementaita – George Nene (Safina)
  5. 13. Morendat – Peter Njoroge (UDA)

Subukia Constituency MCAs 2022

  1. 14. Subukia – Isabella Makori (UDA)
  2. 15. Waseges – Elijah Murage (Independent)
  3. 16. Kabazi – George Talam (UDA)

Bahati Constituency MCAs 2022

  1. 17. Bahati – Grace Mwathi (UDA)
  2. 18. Kabatini – Leah Ng’ang’a (Independent)
  3. 19. Kiamaina – Paul Waweru Warege (Ka Wambui) (UDA)
  4. 20. Dundori – James Gathuita Mwangi (UDA)
  5. 21. Lanet Umoja -Mwangi Ngarama (UDA)

Nakuru Town East Constituency MCAs 2022

  1. 22. Nakuru East – Anthony Kamau (UDA)
  2. 23. Menengai – Wilson Mwangi (Jubilee)
  3. 24. Flamingo – David Kihumba Muraya (Independent)
  4. 25. Biashara – Fadhili Msuri (UDA)
  5. 26. Kivumbini – Neto Sakwa Alukutsa (Independent)

Nakuru Town West Constituency MCAs 2022

  1. 27. Rhoda – John Macharia (UDA)
  2. 28. London – Benard Gattuso (Jubilee)
  3. 29. Barut – Ben Kirui (UDA)
  4. 30. Kapkures – Robert Ruto (UDA)
  5. 31. Kaptembwa – Peter Kanjwang’ (ODM)
  6. 32. Shabaab – Macharia Wathiai (UDA)

Rongai Constituency MCAs 2022

  1. 33.Solai – Nixon Morogo (Independent)
  2. 34. Soin – Ellibas Naburuki (Degualle) (UDA)
  3. 35. Mosop – Dr. Alex Lang’at (UDA)
  4. 36. Menengai West – Isaac Kiptisya Rottok (UDA)
  5. 37. Visoi – Hellen Chemutai (UDA)

Njoro Constituency MCAs 2022

  1. 38. Njoro – Hezy Ndung’u (Independent)
  2. 39. Nessuit – Samuel Tonui (UDA)
  3. 40. Mauche – Moses Koros (UDA)
  4. 41. Mau Narok – Cyrus Dida (UDA)
  5. 42. Kihingo – Simon Kamau Karanja (Jubilee)
  6. 43. Lare – Phillip Wanjohi (Jubilee)

Molo Constituency MCAs 2022

  1. 44. Molo – Joseph Ngware (UDA)
  2. 45. Marioshoni – Ben Lang’at (UDA)
  3. 46. Elburgon – David Njuguna (Independent)
  4. 47. Turi – John Mwangi Macharia (Jubilee)

Kuresoi South Constituency MCAs 2022

  1. 48. Keringet – William Mutai (UDA)
  2. 49. Tinet – Paul Lang’at Alvin (Drilit) (UDA)
  3. 51. Kiptangich – Rose Mutai (UDA)
  4. 52. Amalo – Robert Lang’at (UDA)

Kuresoi North Constituency UDA MCA nominees

  1. 53. Sirikwa – Emmanuel Lang’at (UDA)
  2. 54. Kamara – Joseph Kipng’etich (Chemutwet) (UDA)
  3. 55. Kiptororo – Alex Bor (Kipyek) (UDA)

 

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Nakuru to host World Bee Day celebrations

The Apimondia Regional Commission (ARC) President, Mr David Mukomana, in a statement, said the three-day program will include technical tours to see beekeeping within Nakuru County and any other areas, exhibitions, seminars and the actual celebrations.

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Bees on a honey comb

Nakuru City will this year host the Regional World Bee Day (WBD) celebrations from the 18th – to the 20th of May 2022.

The yearly event is commemorated to raise awareness about the importance of bees and other pollinators for humanity in food security, global hunger eradication, and environmental and biodiversity conservation.

Under the theme; “Bee engaged: Celebrating the contribution of bees to the environment, food security and income generation to mankind.”

The forum will share knowledge from across the world, and draw the attention of the public and decision-makers to the importance of protecting bees as well as halting the further loss of biodiversity and degradation of ecosystems following the Paris Agreement.

FAO estimates that bees contribute to the pollination of food worth between $ 235 and $ 580 billion every year and that their decline continues to strain food systems.

Intensive farming practices, excessive use of agrochemicals, habitat loss, and adverse effects of climate among other issues have been identified as key hindrances causing the depopulation of bees and loss of colonies.

With such challenges, there is a need to come up with solutions that are resistive to the increasing bee population globally.

According to FAO, Kenya ranks third in Africa after Tanzania which is the largest producer of honey and produces approximately 31,405 tonnes annually while Angola ranks second producing about 23,500 tonnes annually.

As of 2020, Kenya’s production of honey was at 17,801 tonnes, up from 13,877 tonnes the previous year, this is a change of 28.28%.

Speaking during a past apiculture stakeholders’ workshop, State Department for Livestock Production Principal Secretary, Mr Harry Kimtai, expressed concern that new pests and farm pesticides have hit colonies hard.

“We’re collaborating with devolved units to halt the alarming depletion of bee colonies. Bee colony multiplication initiatives include capacity building, beekeeping equipment distribution, and bee bulking,” revealed PS Kimtai.

Despite the potential of honey production and the benefits of apicultural activity, very little income accrues from the activity.

The government in its progress, in the Big Four Agenda on 100% food and nutrition security, is committed to enhancing honey production from 25,000 tonnes to 38,000 tonnes by the year 2022.

Beekeeping offers an alternative source of livelihood and protects biodiversity and should ideally be established away from human interaction with enough bee forage and all-year-round availability of water to provide favourable conditions for beekeeping.

Nakuru County Executive Committee Member for Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries, Dr Immaculate Maina, says that, ‘’bees have become increasingly endangered with one million species facing extinction. Thus, beekeeping should be embraced as an alternative environmentally friendly income-earning enterprise.”

‘’We hope that by hosting this event, we will be able to proactively assist in the opening up of our county by giving marketing opportunities and investment prospects in the apiculture industry,” Dr Maina noted.

“We also anticipate important topics discussed during the three-day forum, such as the role of women in the sector as those most affected by climate change, solutions to save our bee species from extinction, and how we can continue to rely on pollinators to save us from the current climate crisis,” she concluded.

Acting CEO of the Apiculture Platform of Kenya (APK), Mr Frederick Otieno Odera, says that beekeeping has significant potential in Africa to improve rural incomes and diversify livelihoods.

“We hope the commemoration of the National World Bee Day will showcase new technologies and sustainable measures from across the world in the apiculture industry and provide sustainable solutions to save our bees in the current climate crisis,” said Otieno.

The Apimondia Regional Commission (ARC) President, Mr David Mukomana, in a statement, said the three-day program will include technical tours to see beekeeping within Nakuru County and any other areas, exhibitions, seminars and the actual celebrations.

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Governor Kinyanjui drops deputy, picks Kamuren as running mate

The county is a cosmopolitan city and was the headquarters of the Rift Valley province under the old Constitution.

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Nakuru Governor Lee Kinyanjui has dropped his Deputy of five years and named a woman running mate ahead of the August 2022 polls.

Kinyanjui, who is gunning for a second and final term in office, dropped Dr Eric Kipkoech in favour of Ms Franciscar Jelagat Kamuren.

He explained that Kamuren, 47, is an accomplished grassroots mobilizer with a strong passion for community development and was picked after wide consultation.

“Äfter long consultations with diverse stakeholders, I have decided to appoint Ms Franciscar Jelagat Kamuren as running mate for my second term bid,” Kinyanjui said.

The nominee holds a Masters’s degree in linguistics from Egerton University and has served in various capacities.

The governor is seeking to defend his seat via the ruling Jubilee party ticket under the Azimio la Umoja One Kenya Coalition.

He is however facing stiff competition from the United Democratic Alliance (UDA) candidate Susan Kihika, who is the current Senator for Nakuru and his appointment is seen as a tactic to woo the women vote.

His announcement comes hours after Kihika unveiled her running mate in a press conference from Nakuru.

Kihika picked David Kones as the man to deputize her after an interview that attracted half a dozen candidates.

The senator, who is a staunch supporter of Deputy President William Ruto was handed a direct ticket.

Nakuru is among the largest counties in Kenya and was recently conferred city status by President Uhuru Kenyatta, making it the fourth city in Kenya after Nairobi, Mombasa, and Kisumu.

The county is a cosmopolitan city and was the headquarters of the Rift Valley province under the old Constitution.

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